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What is the difference between the following sentences?

+3 امتیاز
113 بازدید
دسامبر 2, 2013 در English to Persian توسط Ali Karimian (22,844 امتیاز) 1 گزارش
بازنگری شد دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط Ali Karimian

'It costs $50 per person'

'It costs $50 for each person'

نظر دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط امیر (9,151 امتیاز) 1 گزارش

The second one sounds a bit odd to me. You mean the diffidence in terms of meaning, usage or grammar?

The second one, if correct, sounds informal. I heard the first one more often. Otherwise both deliver the same message

نظر دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط Ali Karimian (22,844 امتیاز) 1 گزارش
I mean their difference in terms of usage & meaning. To put you in the picture, a student of mine asked about the meaning of 'per'. I provided her with 'each'. Though satisfied, she proceeded to ask her next question about the difference between these two! That was when I myself wondered what could the difference between these two be!
نظر دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط امیر (9,151 امتیاز)

Since the correction and the fact that now Ali has given the correct answer, I just wanted to share my findings from the net: 


 



 
per = for each --> 'per person' = 'for each', not 'each'

It costs $50 needs an adverbial modifier if any is considered appropriate.

It usually costs $50.

It costs $50 Thursdays.

It costs $50 a bottle.

Adverbs, and the rare adverbial objective (noun used adverbially), fit the bill.

More commonly, to-infinitive clauses and especially prepositional phrases will be used:

It costs $50 to get there.

It costs $50 on the tram.

It costs $50 for a bottle.

It costs $50 per person.

It costs $50 for each person.

But

*/?It costs $50 each person.

would probably not usually be considered acceptable; it would be an adverbial objective usage, with the preposition 'for' dropped from the prepositional phrase, and this often does not give an acceptable-sounding variant. (This particular example may sound more acceptable in the States than in the UK. 'It costs $50 a person' would however be quite acceptable.)

نظر دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط Ali Karimian (22,844 امتیاز)

Hey Amir

THX a zillion for ur attention.
 

1 پاسخ

+3 امتیاز
پاسخ داده شد دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط Ali Mack (54,648 امتیاز)
انتخاب شد دسامبر 2, 2013 توسط Ali Karimian
 
بهترین پاسخ

Hi

The word "Each" plays several grammatical roles in the sentences:

1- Each: adj.

Each student was given an apple.   

2- Each: pron. 

Each had a different solution to the topic.                   

3- Each: adv.

She gave us two pens each.

***************************************************************

Per: preposition

1 for each (used with units to express a rate): he charges £2 per square yard.

2 archaic by means of: send it per express.

3 (as per) in accordance with: made as per instructions.

4 Heraldry divided by a line in the direction of: per bend | per pale | per saltire.

         

 

 

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