In other words, the best stratagem is the one that generates a set of warning signals susceptible to alternative, or better yet, optional interpretations, where the intended solution is implausible in terms of the victim’s prior experience and knowledge while the false solution (or solutions) is plausible. If the victim does not suspect the possibility that deception may be operating he will inevitably be gulled. If he suspects deception, he has only four courses open to him. These are, in summary:
1. To act as if no deception is being used.
2. To give equal weight to all perceived solutions (in violation of the principle of economy of force).
3. To engage in random behavior, risking success or failure on blind guesswork.
4. To panic, which paradoxically may offer as good a chance of success as the “rational” course in 3.